ARCHAEOLOGICAL EDUCATIONAL TRAIL
A burrow cemetery from the Early Iron Age extends into the forest in the southern edge of the UM Botanical garden. Inhabitants of the fortified settlement Poštela na Pohorju buried their dead here between the end of the 9th and the middle of the 6th century B.C. This is only one of the cemeteries of the community that lived there, as others spread from the Habakuk plateau under Poštela, along the ridges towards Razvanje, where the mighty Kos tumulus stands, all the way to Spodnje Hoče.
Dozens of tumuli were found in the area of the archaeological trail, using modern research techniques. One of the smaller ones was found right behind the bridge in the Botanic garden enterance area, when we were arranging the educational trail. Through archaeological excavation, we determined that it was already heavily damaged in the past.
Most of the tumuli along the educational trail are well preserved, as they were protected by the forest for centuries. However, that does not apply to all the nearby tumuli, as some were severely damaged when a military warehouse was in the area of today's Botanical Garden. Unfortunately, some tumuli on the nearby cropland are also facing imminent destruction, as they are more or less completely levelled due to intensive ploughing.
THE COLLECTION OF EDIBLE AND USEFUL PLANTS, PALEO GARDEN
From the Early Stone and Copper Age (approx. 6000-2300 B.C.), Bronze Age (approx. 2300-800 B.C.), Iron Age (approx. 800-15/0 B.C.), and all the way to the Roman period and late antiquity (15/0-6th century), agriculture in Styria developed gradually.
Individual types of field crops are characteristic for each historical period, which were generally replaced in the next period by better species or varieties. They arrived in Styria by means of trade and migration, and left a significant impact on farming techniques in each historical perio
The Collection of Edible and Useful Plants is an illustrative collection of the most important field crops and useful plants that people cultivated and used in described prehistorical and historical periods in this area.
The garden is divided into ten separate patches, which are interconnected in chronological order. The first two plots present the important cultivated plants from the Early Stone and Copper Age in Styria (approx. 6000-2300 B.C.) Field crops, such as einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L.), the original forms of nowadays oats (Avena sativa L.), and some useful field weeds, such as common corn-cockle (Agrostemma githago L.), are presented.
The next three patches represent the most important cultivated plants in the Copper Age in Styria (approx. 2300-800 B.C.). The following species are presented: broad bean (Vicia faba L.), lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus), proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) and spelt (Triticum spelta L.).
The sixth and seventh patch represent the Iron Age (approx. 800-15/0 B.C.). At that time, numerous new species of usable and edible plants were cultivated in Styria. An old species of rye (Secale cereale L.), buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench), flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) and opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) are presented.
The last three patches represent species that people cultivated in the Roman period and late antiquity (15/0 - 6th century). Species such as parsnip (Pastinaca sativa L.), the modern variety of wheat Triticum aestivum L.), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Moench), and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) are presented.
THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXHIBIT
In the context of our archaeological exhibit, we take you on a walk through (pre)historic areas of north-eastern Slovenia and Austrian Styria, from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages. The exhibition presents the findings of interdisciplinary research in the field of archaeology, archeobotany, and archaeozoology in a modern and interactive way. The cherry on top of your visit will be the tour of a reconstruction of an Iron Age house from more than 2600 years ago. Exhibit room is open within the opening times of Botanic garden, it is located in the second multipurpose building in the enterace area of the garden.
From 24th March till September
Every day from 9.00 to 19.00
October to 18.00
November to 16.00, Sundays closed
December to Februar closed
Adults: 4 €
Pensioners: 3,5 €
School children and students: 3 €
Family ticket: 10 €
Preschool children free.
Tel.: +386 2 613 08 58
GSM: +386 31 310 330
Fax: +386 2 613 08 55
University of Maribor Botanical Garden
SI-2311 Hoce, Slovenia